Rectifier upgrade paying off for Hypervelocity Tunnel 9
By Bradley Hicks, AEDC/PA
/ Published April 24, 2018
ARNOLD AIR FORCE BASE, TENN. -- The team at AEDC Hypervelocity Wind Tunnel 9 in White Oak, Maryland, is now putting to use equipment installed several years ago - a move that is bringing enhanced safety and greater longevity to the facility.
An electrical rectifier unit, first delivered and installed in 2011, was recently put into operation for the first time. The rectifier is intended to replace an approximately 50-year-old unit that is nearing the end of its lifecycle.
The rectifier is an electrical power pack designed to provide variable high-current power at low-voltage conditions to the Tunnel 9 heater system.
Tunnel 9 Test & Evaluation Engineer Inna Kurits said the upgrade is part of the Service Life Extension Program (SLEP) effort to modernize the facility to ensure it can continue supporting its customers for many years to come.
According to Tunnel 9 Director Dan Marren, the rectifier was purchased when funding could be allocated to Tunnel 9 priorities. Due to a busy customer schedule, the rectifier was installed with a switchgear that allowed operation of the existing, aging transformer to nurse that hardware along until funding could be secured to finish the new rectifier.
“With the advent of SLEP funding, Tunnel 9 continued with activation and validation until several staff vacancies delayed activation,” Marren said. “Now, with the help of some reach-back labor through TOS (Test Operations and Sustainment), the job was completed successfully.”
The original power pack at the facility was an alternating current (AC) unit, while the new rectifier is a direct current (DC) unit.
The rectifier converts 13.8 kV AC from the power grid into approximately 150 V DC at 5,500 Amps for the Tunnel 9 heater, according to Tunnel 9 Chief Facility Engineer Nicholas Frederick.
Kurits added, “We are now able to use the new power pack to power our heater system, which should ensure years of safe and reliable operation. We no longer have to rely solely on a piece of equipment that is over 50 years old.”
Integrating the new unit with the existing Tunnel 9 systems and processes was a multidisciplinary team effort, Kurits said. She said challenges faced included figuring out how to safely switch from AC to DC operation, how to integrate the new unit into the control system, and how to modify facility procedures to accommodate the upgrade.
According to the team at Tunnel 9, the upgraded rectifier has proven to be successful and has also boosted safety at the facility.
“Being a new piece of equipment, the rectifier also adds an additional element of safety as it is equipped with its own High Voltage breaker, safety relays and emergency shut-off button,” Fredrick said.